What Are All the Software in a Computer?

Denise Wilkinson

In the world of computing, we often hear about software and hardware. While hardware refers to all the physical components of a computer system, software is the set of programs and applications that are installed on a computer to perform specific tasks. In this article, we will discuss all the different types of software that are present in a computer system.

System Software

System software is the most fundamental type of software that is essential for a computer system to function. It includes the operating system, device drivers, firmware, and utility programs.

The operating system is the most important piece of software that controls and manages all other programs on a computer. It provides an interface between the user and the hardware.

Device drivers are small programs that allow hardware devices such as printers, scanners, and graphic cards to communicate with the operating system. Firmware is a type of software that is embedded in hardware devices to control their functioning. Utility programs include antivirus software, disk cleaners, file managers, backup utilities, etc.

Application Software

Application Software refers to all other types of software apart from system software that are designed for specific tasks or applications. Application Software can be classified into two categories:

General-purpose application software: These are general-purpose applications used for common tasks such as word processing (Microsoft Word), spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel), presentation (Microsoft PowerPoint), database management (Oracle), web browsing (Google Chrome), etc.

Specialized application software: These are specialized applications used for specific purposes such as image editing (Adobe Photoshop), video editing (Adobe Premiere Pro), music composition (FL Studio), 3D modeling (Autodesk Maya) and so on.


Browsers are specialized application software used for accessing websites on the internet. Some popular browsers include Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge among others.

Gaming Software

Gaming Software is a specialized application software that is designed for gaming purposes. These can be games that are installed on your computer or online games that are played through a web browser. Some popular gaming software includes Steam, Epic Games, and Origin.

Media Players

Media Players are specialized application software used for playing audio and video files on a computer system. They can play different file formats such as MP3, WAV, MPEG, AVI, etc. Some popular media players include VLC Media Player, Windows Media Player, and iTunes.


In conclusion, a computer system is made up of different types of software that perform specific tasks. System software is essential for the functioning of the computer system while application software is used for specific purposes such as gaming, media playback among others. It’s important to have a good understanding of the various types of software in a computer to ensure optimal performance and productivity.