What Is Computer Hardware and Software With Examples?

Irene Olsen

Welcome to our tutorial on computer hardware and software! In this article, we will cover the basics of what computer hardware and software are, and provide examples to help you better understand.

The Basics of Computer Hardware

Computer hardware refers to the physical components that make up a computer system. These components can be classified into two categories: internal and external.

Internal Hardware Components

Internal hardware components are those that are located inside the computer case. Some examples of internal hardware components include:

  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • Random Access Memory (RAM)
  • Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  • Motherboard
  • Power Supply Unit (PSU)

The CPU is considered as the brain of the computer since it performs all the processing tasks. RAM stores data temporarily, while the HDD or Solid State Drive (SSD) stores data permanently.

The motherboard connects all of these components together and allows them to communicate with each other. Finally, the PSU powers all of these components.

External Hardware Components

External hardware components are those that are located outside of the computer case. Some examples of external hardware components include:

  • Monitor
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Printer
  • Scanner

These external hardware devices connect to the internal hardware components via cables or wireless connections.

The Basics of Computer Software

Computer software refers to a set of instructions that tell a computer what tasks to perform. There are two main types of software: system software and application software.

System Software

System software is responsible for managing and controlling the computer hardware. Some examples of system software include:

  • Operating System (OS)
  • Device Drivers
  • Utility Programs

The OS is the most important system software as it manages all the other software and hardware components of a computer. Device drivers are software that allows hardware devices to communicate with the OS, while utility programs perform tasks such as system maintenance, file compression, and virus scanning.

Application Software

Application software is designed to perform specific tasks for users. Some examples of application software include:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • Web Browsers
  • Media Players
  • Gaming Software

These applications are used by end-users for specific purposes like creating documents, browsing the internet, playing media files, and gaming.


In conclusion, computer hardware and software are two essential components of a computer system. Hardware components refer to the physical parts that make up a computer system like CPU, RAM, HDD/SSD etc., whereas Software refers to instructions that tell a computer what tasks to perform like OS, Device Drivers etc.

Together they work in tandem to provide end-users with an efficient computing experience. We hope this article provided you with a better understanding of what computer hardware and software are with their examples.