What Types of Software Are System Software?

Patrick Burnett

When it comes to the software on your computer, there are two main types: system software and application software. System software is the foundation upon which all other software runs and is essential to the functioning of your computer. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what types of software are considered system software.

Operating Systems

The most well-known type of system software is the operating system (OS). An operating system is the interface between your computer’s hardware and its user. It manages the resources on your computer (such as memory and processing power) and provides a platform for running other applications.

Examples of popular operating systems include Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. Each OS has its own unique features and user interface, but they all serve the same basic purpose: to provide a stable and secure environment for running other programs.

Device Drivers

Another important type of system software is device drivers. A device driver is a program that allows your computer to communicate with hardware devices like printers, scanners, and cameras. Without device drivers, these devices would not work properly with your computer.

Device drivers are typically included with the operating system or can be downloaded from the manufacturer’s website. They must be updated periodically to ensure that they remain compatible with new hardware devices.

Utility Programs

Utility programs are another type of system software that perform specific tasks related to managing your computer’s resources or optimizing its performance. Examples of utility programs include antivirus software, disk defragmenters, backup tools, and file compression utilities.

Utility programs can be pre-installed on your computer or downloaded from third-party websites. They are designed to make it easier for you to manage your computer’s resources efficiently.


In conclusion, there are several types of system software that are essential for the proper functioning of your computer. These include operating systems, device drivers, and utility programs.

Without these programs, your computer would not be able to run other applications or communicate with hardware devices. Understanding the different types of system software can help you better manage your computer’s resources and keep it running smoothly.