Which Software Works in the Background of the Computer?

Patrick Burnett

When we turn on our computers, we are often unaware of the many programs that run in the background. These programs are known as background software and are essential for the proper functioning of our systems.

What is Background Software?

Background software, also known as background programs or processes, are programs that run in the background of a computer without any user interaction. These programs are designed to perform specific tasks such as updating software, scanning for viruses, and maintaining system performance.

Types of Background Software

There are several types of background software that run on a computer system. Here are some of the most common ones:

1. Antivirus Software

Antivirus software is an essential program that runs in the background to protect your computer from viruses, malware, and other malicious threats. It constantly monitors your system and blocks any suspicious activity or files from entering your system.

2. Operating System Updates

Operating system updates typically run in the background to keep your system up-to-date with the latest security patches and bug fixes. These updates can be critical for maintaining system stability and security.

3. Backup Software

Backup software helps you backup important files and data automatically in case of a crash or other catastrophic event. It typically runs in the background to ensure that your files are always backed up and safe.

4. System Maintenance Tools

System maintenance tools such as Disk Cleanup and Disk Defragmenter help optimize your computer’s performance by cleaning up unnecessary files and organizing data on your hard drive.

How to Manage Background Software?

While most background software is essential for maintaining a healthy computer system, some programs can slow down your computer’s performance or cause compatibility issues with other applications. Here are some tips on how to manage background software:

1. Disable Unnecessary Programs

You can disable unnecessary programs from running in the background by opening the Task Manager (Ctrl + Shift + Esc) and selecting the program you want to disable. Click on the “Disable” button to prevent it from running in the background.

2. Adjust System Settings

You can adjust your system settings to optimize your computer’s performance by reducing the number of programs that run in the background. For example, you can change your system settings to only run essential programs at startup.

3. Uninstall Unused Programs

Uninstalling unused programs can free up system resources and reduce the number of programs that run in the background. This can help improve your computer’s performance and speed.


Background software is an essential part of our computer systems, but managing it properly is crucial for optimal performance. By following these tips and understanding which programs run in the background, you can keep your computer running smoothly and efficiently. Remember to always keep your antivirus software updated and regularly backup important files to avoid losing data due to a system crash.